This is a guest blog by Dan Fahey. He was the finance expert for the UN Group of Experts on the DR Congo in 2013-2014 and coordinator of the Group in 2014. He is currently a visiting scholar at the University of California, Berkeley.
The news that Jamil Mukulu, the leader of the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) armed group, has been arrested is as surprising as it is welcome. During 2014, I was Coordinator of the UN Group of Experts on DRC, which documented Mukulu’s responsibility for a wide range of crimes including slavery, forced marriage, and use of child soldiers. Mukulu’s capture could solve many mysteries about this enigmatic group, but it could also reveal many unpleasant truths about how and why ADF was able to survive for the last twenty years. If I could interview Mukulu, I would start by posing the following questions:
- Where have you been since April 2014?
Jamil Mukulu left ADF’s Madina camp in April 2014, shortly before FARDC seized it. Since that time, there have been many rumors about Mukulu’s whereabouts, but nothing solid until he was arrested in Tanzania. How and when did Mukulu leave Congo, and why did he end up in Tanzania? Who helped him?
- Where are your sons Richard and Moses, your head of finance Bisasso, your advisor Benjamin, and the other senior leaders who disappeared with you in April 2014?
The Group of Experts determined that prior to leaving Madina camp, Mukulu essentially divided ADF’s leadership into two groups, taking more than a dozen leaders with him, and leaving others behind to lead the (then) large ADF group in the bush. What have those who left with Mukulu been doing for the last year, and where are they now?
- Did you have an agreement with the DRC government that allowed ADF to exist in Beni territory?
- To what extent is ADF responsible for the massacres in Beni territory since September 2014?
- What happened to the Doctors Without Borders (MSF) staff that ADF captured at Kamango?
- Was ADF involved in the recent murders of clerics and a prosecutor in Kampala?